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How to Enable Accelerated Networking on NICs – Azure Virtual Machine using PowerShell + Excel sheet

Sourabh Majali Jul 07, 2023

Microsoft Azure NIC Powershell Excel Sheet Azure Virtual Machine Network Interface

Accelerated Networking enables single root I/O virtualization (SR-IOV) to a VM, greatly improving its networking performance. This high-performance path bypasses the host from the Datapath, reducing latency, jitter, and CPU utilization, to be used with the most demanding network workloads on supported VM types.

How two VMs communicate with and without Accelerated NetworkingSource: https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-network/accelerated-networking-overview?tabs=redhat


  1. An Excel sheet filled with VM Name and Resource Group (as shown in later part of blog)
  2. PowerShell Full access
  3. Contributor access to your Azure account

Steps to Enable Accelerated Networking Manually: 

  1. Go to Azure portal -> Virtual Machines -> Select your VM -> Stop
  2. Networking -> Your NIC

    Enable Accelerated Networking Manually

  3. “Edit Accelerated Networking” -> Enabled

    Edit Accelerated Networking
  4. Save + Start VM

    Save + Start VM

Now, let’s imagine the same steps to be performed for 200 machines. Isn’t that time-consuming? Also, it might lead to some errors in the process of the task. 

To resolve this issue, we can utilize PowerShell and Excel sheets.

  1. Steps to Enable Accelerated Networking using PowerShell + Excel sheet
  2. Here, I have a sheet with VM Name and Resource Group Name to enable accelerated networking on.

    Exampale of VM Name and Resource Group Name to enable accelerated networking
  3. Login to PowerShell -> Connect to your Az Account using the following command.
  4. Once you are logged in to Azure account -> Select your Subscription

    Select Subscription

  5. Once you select your Subscription, you need to import the Excel file into the PS.

#--------------------------Create/Get Excel File---------------------------
$file = "C:\Users\sourabh.majali\Downloads\ExcelSheet.xlsx"
$sheetName = "Sheet1"
$objExcel = New-Object -ComObject Excel.Application
$workbook = $objExcel.Workbooks.Open($file)
$sheet = $workbook.Worksheets.Item($sheetName)
$rowMax = ($sheet.UsedRange.Rows).count 
$rowcustname ,$colcustname = 1,1
$rowsubid ,$colsubid  = 1,2
$rowtenantid ,$coltenantid  = 1,3

This selects all the data in your Excel sheet and imports it into your PS script for further use.

The next series of commands is used to loop all the rows and columns of the Excel sheet to fetch the VM Name and their Resource Groups

for($i=1;$i -lt $rowMax;$i++)
    Write-Host "_________________________________________" -ForegroundColor Yellow
    Write-Host "Checking for machine $VMName...." -ForegroundColor Green
    $vm=Get-AzVM -Name $VMName -ResourceGroupName $RG
    $status= (Get-AzVM -Name $vm.Name -ResourceGroupName $vm.ResourceGroupName -  Status).Statuses[1].DisplayStatus
    if($status -ne "VM deallocated")
        Write-Host "VM was still running...Stop the machine and retry" -ForegroundColor Red
        $sheet.Cells.Item($rowcustname+$i,$colcustname+3)= "VM was still running...Stop and retry"
        Write-Host "$VMName is in Deallocated state...proceeding further..." -ForegroundColor White
        foreach($nic in $nics)
          Write-Host "Enabling Accelarated Networking on " $nic.Id
        $GetNICDetails= Get-AzNetworkInterface -ResourceId $nic.Id
        $GetNICDetails.EnableAcceleratedNetworking = $true
            Write-Host "Saving NIC..." -ForegroundColor White
            Set-AzNetworkInterface -NetworkInterface $GetNICDetails -AsJob | Wait-Job
            $sheet.Cells.Item($rowcustname+$i,$colcustname+2)= "Completed"
            Write-Host "------Error Found-------" -ForegroundColor Red
            $sheet.Cells.Item($rowcustname+$i,$colcustname+2)= "Error Found"


How Script Works?

  • The script will check if the machine is in deallocated state or not, if yes, it will proceed further, and if not, it will be marked as“Stop the machine & retry”.
  • If there are multiple NICs, the script will loop in all the NICs for that machine and enable accelerated networking.
  • “Saving NIC” is the part in the above screenshot where it is checked for an error, if there’s any, and marked in output to check the details.
  • Following is the sample output excel sheet with details. 
  • This will be stored in your given path, example


How script works
Next step would be to check for the errors and resolve the issues accordingly and once this is done, you can check back for the status for all the machine at once if they are reflecting accelerated networking or not using the following script,

$vms= Get-AzVM
foreach($vm in $vms)
        foreach($nic in $nics)
        Write-Host "--------------------------"
               $GetNICDetails= Get-AzNetworkInterface -ResourceId $nic.Id
        Write-Host "Checking for ......." $vm.Name
        if($GetNICDetails.EnableAcceleratedNetworking -eq "True")
            Write-Host "Accelerated Networking is enabled.." -ForegroundColor White
            Write-Host "Accelerated Networking NOT enabled.." -ForegroundColor Red




In various situations, it becomes necessary to manage and work on multiple machines, sometimes exceeding 100 resources. However, handling these tasks manually can be extremely time-consuming and prone to human error. By automating such processes, significant amounts of time can be saved. Automation also allows for easy tracking of progress and identification of issues, facilitating quick resolution. Additionally, automation enables the creation of comprehensive reports, providing valuable insights into the overall operations.

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