In our application, which is built using AngularJS, we required to write an automated script that is supposed to run on headless browser (without invoking browser).
However, Selenium locators were not able to find the elements in headless browser mode. Protractor comes to our rescue which supports locating extra HTML attributes such as ng-repeater, ng-controller, ng-model using headless browser- PhantomJS.
Protractor is an open source functional automation framework designed specifically for AngularJS web applications. This tool is a combination of technologies such as Jasmine, Selenium Webdriver, and Node.js etc. It’s a wrapper built on top of Selenium Webdriver and thus provides all the capabilities of Selenium along with many useful additions.
In enterprise when applications are developed using Entity Framework it is always essential to have a generic code which can be used in entire application. For this purpose, different practices are adopted. One of the popular one is repository pattern Unit of Work. The generic repository is written which is responsible for all CRUD operations. This enhances the code reusability and ensures no further changes in the data layer logic.
During the NG-BE 2016 Angular Conference held at Belgium, Igor Minar the Angular Team Lead at Google, already introduced Angular 4 version and demonstrated the schedule of future Angular version releases. At the conference he stated, Google will shift to Angular version 4 from the version 2, to associate the version 4 router with the upgrade.
Coming to what’s new in Angular 4, the most salient feature, it is slimmer and faster as compared to the previous versions. It is meant for the applications heavily dependent on animations where the core animation functions are transferred to a discrete package which can now be used separately. Considering this change, developers could easily look for the documentation and leverage the autocompletion.
Also, a source map will be generated for the error cases within a template to facilitate relevant context considering the original template. Because of the downward compatibility, the Angular team disabled the TypeScripts strictNullchecks setting with the current release, as they need to work more on this particular feature.
Yes, by introducing the Angular 4 version, Google has taken a step towards the future. So have you already started planning your Angular 4 migration?
AngularJS provides a built-in dependency injection mechanism. Using dependency injection mechanism you can split your application into multiple different types of components. AngularJS can inject these multiple different types of components into each other. Modularization of your application is important for making it easy for reuse, configure and test the components in your application.
Here is the list of AngularJS’s core types of objects and components:
AngularJS dependency injection mechanism is useful for injecting these core types into each other. Now, we will discuss how to define and inject these components into each other.
AngularUI Router is a routing framework for AngularJS, mainly developed to improve as well as enhance routing capabilities. It allows us to well organize the parts of application interface into a state machine. UI-Router is state-based framework making routing and UI navigation easier and manageable. The $route service in Angular core is organized around URL routes whereas UI-Router is organized around states. It may optionally have routes and other behaviour, attached with it.
States are bound to named, nested and parallel views that allow us to powerfully manage our application's interface