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Generate On/Off flip switch button with CSS3

Madhukar Kumbhar Mar 22, 2017

CSS3 animation Switch button

Presently, generating flip switch button (on off) using CSS is very novel concept amongst designers. Therefore in this blog, I am going to explain how to design On/Off flip switch custom button using CSS3 transitions.

How to create custom flip switch button?

Initially, start from html div structure. Inside the div we would need one <input> tag with type checkbox.

Refer the below HTML code:

<div class="switchbutton">
  <input type="checkbox" name="onoffswitch" class="switchbutton-checkbox" id="myonoffswitch" checked/>
  <label class="switchbutton-label" for="myonoffswitch">
    <span class="switchbutton-inner"></span>
    <span class="switchbutton-switch-btn"></span>
  </label>
</div>

Next step is styling with CSS3

.switchbutton {
 position: relative;
 width: 80px;
 -webkit-user-select: none;
 -moz-user-select: none;
 -ms-user-select: none;
}

.switchbutton-checkbox {
 display: none;
}

.switchbutton-label {
 display: block;
 overflow: hidden;
 cursor: pointer;
 border: 1px solid #999999;
 border-radius: 20px;
 height: 30px;
}

.switchbutton-inner {
 display: block;
 width: 200%;
 margin-left: -100%;
 transition: margin 0.3s ease-in 0s;
}

.switchbutton-inner:before,
.switchbutton-inner:after {
 float: left;
 width: 50%;
 height: 30px;
 box-sizing: border-box;
}

.switchbutton-inner:before {
 content: "";
 padding-left: 10px;
 background-color: #31D5BE;
 color: #FFFFFF;
}

.switchbutton-inner:after {
 content: "";
 padding-right: 10px;
 background-color: #CCCCCC;
 color: #333333;
 text-align: right;
}

.switchbutton-switch-btn {
 display: block;
 width: 32px;
 margin: 0px;
 background: #000000;
 position: absolute;
 top: 0;
 bottom: 0;
 right: 48px;
 transition: all 0.3s ease-in 0s;
 border-radius: 20px;
}

.switchbutton-checkbox:checked + .switchbutton-label .switchbutton-inner {
 margin-left: 0;
}

.switchbutton-checkbox:checked + .switchbutton-label .switchbutton-switch-btn {
 right: 0px;
}

Next is to proceed with switch button animation using css3 ‘transition’. Here, the button width is 32px and position is ‘absolute’ having values top: 0 and bottom: 0. Now, we calculate the value of right side.

The class ‘.switchbutton’ width is 80px and class ‘.switchbutton-switch-btn’ width is 32px. So we deduct the value 32px (.switchbutton-switch-btn) from 80px (.switchbutton). Whatever value is generated is assigned to the right side i.e. right: 48px.

. switchbutton -switch-btn {
 display: block;
 width: 32px;
 margin: 0px;
 background: #000000;
 position: absolute;
 top: 0;
 bottom: 0;
 right: 48px;
 transition: all 0.3s ease-in 0s;
 border - radius: 20px;
}

Here's how the switch button will look like -

flip-btn-switch.png

 

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